LITHUANIA is the biggest of the three Baltic States. It borders Latvia in the north, Belarus in the southeast, Poland and Kaliningrad Region in the southwest.

The country has a diverse landscape – three hilly up-land and three lowland plains. The highest point is Juozapine Hill (293.6 m above the sea level), not far from Vilnius. Lithuania has a 99 km coastline covered with sand beaches and dunes.

The Lithuanian language is an official state language of Lithuania. It is an ancient Indo-European language. Other languages widely spoken these days are Russian, Polish as well as English and German.

The population of Lithuania totals 3.48 million. Lithuanians comprise 83.5%, Russians 6.3%, Poles 6.7%, Byelorussians 1.2%, Ukrainians 0.7%, Jews 0.1% and others 1.5%.

The majority of Lithuanian religious believers are Roman Catholics (79%). There are also Russian Orthodox, Lutherans and Baptists, followers of Islam and Judaism.

January 1 – New Year
February 16 – Independence Day
March 11 – Restoration of Independence
March/April – Easter
May 1 – May Day
First Sunday in May – Mother’s Day
July 6 – Day of Statehood
August 15 – Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary
November 1 – All Saints’ Day
December 25/26 – Christmas

The national currency of Lithuania till January 2015 was Litas (LTL), 1 Litas = 100 cents.

From the 1st of January 2015 Litas ihas been changed to Euro at 1 EUR = 3.4528 LTL. Foreign currencies can be easily exchanged in banks and exchange offices.

By air. International airports operate in Vilnius, Kaunas and Palanga providing regular flight connections with major European capitals and cities.
By sea. Klaipeda seaport offers passenger ferry connections with Kiel and Mukran in Germany, as well as Karlshamn in Sweden.
By rail. There is a convenient rail link St. Petersburg-Berlin (via three Baltic States). The daily Baltic Express, which links Poland with Estonia, stops at three Lithuanian destinations. Other rail links include Moscow, Kaliningrad, Minsk, etc.
By road. Lithuania is crossed by two major international transport corridors, including Via Baltica (North-South) and Minsk-Klaipeda (East-West) highway. There is a variety of bus lines, providing connections with major European cities.

It is transitional varying between maritime and continental. Average temperatures: +17.20C in summer and -4.80C in winter. Annual precipitation level: 774.6 mm. Humidity: 78%.